This is something we (those of us in the field for nearly 50 years, now) have been aware of, basically, our whole working lives!  

This particular article is full of ivory tower generalities that indicate the authors are not really familiar with the obstacles and details (in which lie the devils) to reach net zero.  

Perhaps someone should consult a person who has personally engineered and continues to engineer renewable energy projects and energy conservation (the real road to net zero) for his whole life!

My projects (constructed under my engineering seal) have saved over a billion kilowatt hours and my master’s thesis subject (Environmental Effects of Large Scale Solar Power) is becoming a hot topic right now 50 years later.

Wilson Prichett ’70
Knoxville, Tenn.