For a historical perspective see: "A Political Theology of Climate Change," by Michael S. Northcott (Wm. B. Eerdmans Publishing, 2015), which traces the conflicting theological, philosophical, scientific, economic and political ideas about Earth and its climate, and concludes that ALL nations (to avoid cheating) have the moral responsibility to require that fossil fuels be kept in the ground to avoid disaster, although he doesn't have much hope of it happening. [7]