A survey of more than 1,200 U.S. musicians conducted in part by the University’s Survey Research Center found that the median INCOME FOR MUSICIANS was only $35,000 in 2017, and only about $21,000 was from their music. More than 60 percent of musicians surveyed said that income from making music isn’t sufficient to meet their living expenses. Led by economics professor Alan Krueger, the survey also found that more than half of musicians struggle with mental-health problems, and two-thirds of female musicians have experienced sexual harassment.
When attacked with ANTIBIOTICS, most bacteria die, but the small number that persist increase the chance of re-infection. In an experiment involving E. coli bacteria and the antibiotic ofloxacin, postdoc Wendy Mok and associate professor Mark Brynildsen found that the bacteria that stopped growth to repair antibiotic-damaged DNA survive at higher rates than cells that continued growth without repairing their DNA first. Published in June in Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, the research could help develop techniques for making antibiotics more effective.