He graduated from Brooklyn’s Poly Prep and served in the Navy before Princeton. He majored in biology, lettered in track, and belonged to Cloister.
He earned a medical degree from Yale. After residency in pediatrics at Johns Hopkins, he accepted an instructor’s position. During the 50 years he taught there, he held three directorships and retired as a professor emeritus.
On an occasion honoring him, a colleague stated that the therapies Saul developed “have saved the lives of thousands, mainly children.” At his award from the Kennedy Foundation, he was described as “almost unique as a scientist to have discovered the defect, figured out how it functioned, developed the treatment, manufactured the drug in his laboratory because no drug company would, and standardized the treatment worldwide.” An associate added that while others would have withered in the face of the regulatory hurdles he faced to get treatment approval, Saul’s tenacity won out.
Saul became an avid sailor in later life.
He is survived by son William ’75, daughter Susan, and four grandchildren. His wife Sallie, whom he married in 1952, and son Alexander predeceased him.